Chemical Compatibility Guide - Galvanized Steel - SpillContainment.com For white oil applications, this high saturation level would give a greater degree of chemical inertness. Not necessarily. PAG-based lubricants have excellent viscosity indices significantly better than PAO-based lubricants of the same viscosity grade. Finally, greater oxidative stability extends oil life and keeps the compressor clean for a longer service interval. Polyalkylene glycol (PAG) and polyalphaolefin (PAO) are two synthetic lubricant options for industrial applications. PAG-based lubricants are polar (water-soluble PAG > water-insoluble PAG > oil-soluble PAG), where PAO-based lubricants are essentially non-polar. In addition, low viscosity SpectraSyn PAO products are hydrolytically stable, have good compatibility with mineral oils and are frequently combined with other synthetic basestocks (e . 0000000995 00000 n 179 0 obj 0000017608 00000 n The viscosity at an extreme pressure (hp) changes exponentially with pressure (P) as described in the following formula: a is the pressure coefficient for a base oil. Regarding the A.O. We are first in your inbox with the most important news in the industry―keeping you smarter and one-step ahead in this ever-changing and competitive market. hak1YmPaZI>BYzW+d~2^!dVQ ," #@^Ht 9@}VNJ ,kmLrVT U$^H-1' fMH]T U #5o=EmWae4/nW7fg9on_~mSPI_L7borVsezS[uWdg[]]>oo.o7t|xsMU/ojy4i_[u;cJ~Oz5wj1S5"b!CBd2$U3@Rb'EsHd*DzHWcucC=d8tl=d8,trSdx}=dXY>BR>!GB=dph\Wg0?0. Not a subscriber or a registered user yet? Process Chemical Compatibility Guide The lighter components cause poorer volatility properties as well as lower flash and fire points. <> False Oils made with PAOs demonstrate an inherently high viscosity index and maintain excellent low-temperature performance, compared with mineral oils. For instance, a 100 percent aminic antioxidant package will yield the best performance in the Rbot test for PAO. Chemical Compatibility Guide End-users must first select a lubricant based upon its intended application, such as engine oil, transmission oil, hydraulic oil, wire rope lubricant, electric motor grease, etc. converted Changes in low-temperature viscometrics and oxidative stability requirements demand higher-quality base oils. This is a recurring situation and is what led to the development of 1-dodecene based Synfluid PAOs in 1995. Our Synfluid mPAO is based on a single monomer, AlphaPlus 1-Octene. Finally, due to their excellent response to antioxidants, Spectra-Syn Plus PAO can be formulated to resist thermal oxidative attack. Give us a call, and well be glad to discuss your applications and provide technical help. Youre not kidding! Level of maintenance and labor available. At that time, both fires on U.S. Navy ships and aircraft were occurring due to the use of mineral oil-based hydraulic fluids. Chevron Phillips Chemical offers two lines of PAOs. !DOaBADOaB&=&=U!z The chart below shows a comparison of the foaming characteristics of our Synfluid mPAO high-viscosity base oils with traditional high-viscosity PAO 40 and 100 cSt base oils. polyalphaolefin compatibility chart - amcsalud.com The PAOs . Satisfactory to 72F (22C) 2. Meet additional regulations (fire-resistance, environmental acceptability). The chart below shows the gas chromatogram of PAO versus white mineral oil, illustrating the relative enhanced purity of PAO. 0000034419 00000 n trailer As temperature increases, a higher VI fluid will give increased fluid film thickness, which could result in lower wear. 0000001605 00000 n The relationship between antioxidants (A.O.) One application in which they have not worked well is in high-temperature (high-pressure) reciprocating air compressors where valve deposits have been an issue. A run through the test: The second step is the hydrogenation of the remaining double bonds (unsaturation) in the oligomer and subsequent distillation to separate the unreacted monomer and light-viscosity grade PAO. 0000012542 00000 n Engine oil tests such as VW T-4 and Seq. Actions. 0000003221 00000 n 2013-07-10T14:05:23-05:00 Furthermore, the advantages of exceeding the minimum requirements for driveline fluids will enhance the benefits of the finished lubricant. California Transparency in Supply Chains Act Disclosure. 142 0 obj <>stream Meet new original equipment manufacturer and industry standard requirements. This is especially true when you consider the entire operating temperature range including startup. High molecular weight compounds will degrade pour point, cold crank and other low-temperature viscometrics. If you are using multiple greases, there are certain risks for misapplication, which are minimized with a multi-purpose grease. endstream endobj 12 0 obj<>/Metadata 9 0 R/AcroForm 13 0 R/Pages 7 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 13 0 obj<>/Encoding<>>>>> endobj 14 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Properties<>>>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 15 0 obj[/ICCBased 38 0 R] endobj 16 0 obj<>stream 0000033764 00000 n A Group III mineral oil with a 0.1 percent PPD achieves an improved pour point, but to the detriment of the low-temperature viscometrics. 0000002192 00000 n Sometimes, one plus one can equal more than two. The chart below shows the operating temperature range of a PAO-based, OMG process grease versus comparable mineral-oil-based grease. Whether for automotive or industrial applications, these products can improve performance and solve problems. 0000007470 00000 n Synfluid PAOs, in addition to NSF H1 qualification, are also available as kosher approved products. The remaining synthetic lubricants are produced from other basestocks, including phosphate esters, polybutenes, silicones, perfluoroalkyl, and polyphenyl ethers. The VI of PAOs typically only varies one to two points. H*T034R0 BC0k ` f- This clearly shows that a PAO base oil substitution can significantly lower operating temperatures of the gear box and extend the required maintenance interval. To improve seal compatibility of PAO-based lubricants, an ester is added to . LDPE Chemical Compatibility Chart: Check the chemical compatibility of LDPE (low density polyethylene) with various chemicals, solvents, alcohols and other products. Polyalphaolefin does not contain ring structures, double bonds, sulphur, nitrogen components or waxy hydrocarbons. Driveline specifications continue to become more stringent. Chevron Phillips Chemical has consistently said that we would bring something to the market when we could provide products that are unique and offer advantages to our customers. endobj Chemical kinetics tell us that if you reduce the temperature, you will reduce the reaction rate. However, Group III base stocks are derived from multiple feedstock choices and processing technologies, which create variability in the properties. These properties translate into easier distribution of the grease and improved energy efficiency in the equipment. As the chart above shows, lower-viscosity oils can be made without sacrificing low volatility by using PAO base oils. Effect of Base Oil Type on Gear Box Temperatures. Refined mineral oils often contain sulfurs, aromatics and other compounds that can erode the quality and consistency of a mineral oil. In the chart below, we highlight how moving from a decene-based Synfluid PAO 6 to an iso-viscous dodecene-based fluid (resulting from a blend of PAO 5 and PAO 7) leads to a dramatic increase in VI. Compatibility testing is generally carried out at high temperatures, simulating an accelerated life and poor or stressful conditions for the plastic and elastomer/rubber. 0000036005 00000 n 0000012483 00000 n Kinematic Viscosity @ 100C (cSt) Kinematic Viscosity @ 40C (cSt) Pour Point (F) Molecular Weight. Chemical Compatibility Guide '0v^ Ln 1qDP]C[,z[v(u_g.Fh{K>8rI,[GV&mE}^ 9S87PGgT hO"4=]3JVp ZmU[@=ocLV]P *y`# dY'!3!IP0O. The chart below illustrates how Chevron Phillips Chemical has come up with an economical solution to a VW T-4 engine test. PDF Chemical Compatibility Guide - Graco NYE ENGINEERING CHART - Nye Lubricants startxref In drivetrain lubricants, reducing the traction coefficient and lowering viscosity are key ways to increase fuel economy, but lower viscosity must be balanced to provide adequate wear resistance. The Ethylene price in the Europe region was dull throughout the third quarter of 2022, which abetted the declining price trend of PAO throughout Q3 in Europe. Polyglycols-40 to 125 C Satisfactory to 72 F. 3. While pour point is one consideration, a formulator has to take into account the total specification needs. Typically, as the viscosity drops, the volatility increases. Synfluid PAOs provide outstanding improvements in oxidation stability, volatility, water separability and viscometrics, greatly improving oil and hardware longevity. The higher the coefficient, the greater the change in viscosity at elevated pressures. As temperature decreases, a higher VI fluid will have reduced viscous drag, which could lead to higher horsepower and energy efficiency. 176 0 obj uuid:df0b74fe-2082-ca4e-860d-fb6b88ddfe4d To improve fuel economy, OEMs are moving toward lower-viscosity oils, even in heavy-duty diesel engines. From then on, the company introduced 1-dodecene-based PAOs in 1995, which have grown steadily in popularity. PAG- and PAO-based lubricants rarely compete in industrial applications. PAOs demonstrate advantages in three key areas: safety, performance and environmental sensitivity. This provides several advantages, one of which can be illustrated by gas chromatography. Give us a call. The vast number of high-quality base oil choices can be confusing when balancing fuel efficiency and wear protection. endobj <>stream Polyolefins, including poly (ethylene), poly (-olefin), poly (styrene), and poly (dienes), are the most widely-used polymer materials. I love to talk about food, and I love to talk about Synfluid PAO! MOLYKOTE PAO Polyalphaolefin Oil - DuPont <>>> Synfluid PAOs have helped you to meet industry specifications in the past. False <> The limits on lowering the viscosity grade are tied to the base oil properties. Both the foam tendency (the initial amount of foam generated in this test) and the time required for the foam to collapse are remarkably better for Synfluid mPAO. <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Thumb 162 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 792.0 612.0]/Type/Page>> %PDF-1.4 % Polyolefin - Wikipedia Polypropylene Satisfactory to 120 F. 4. Compatibility testing is the best option. 0000036809 00000 n Conversely, if you reduce the temperature, the reaction rate decreases and the oil lasts longer, providing better protection. 0000001726 00000 n Polyalphaolefins FAQ | Chevron Phillips Chemical Improved equipment efficiency and energy savings. PAO basestocks using conventional catalysts are commercially produced in five low-viscosity grades and two high-viscosity grades to a maximum viscosity of 100 centistokes (cSt) at 100C. We make the petrochemical solutions found in products of all kinds with purpose, collaboration and care. The key to unlocking the full potential of your formulation requires using the right combination and concentration of antioxidant and Synfluid PAO. The difference in the CCS viscosity at -35C is 15 percent, which is substantial. 11 0 obj <> endobj Remember, PAOs are carefully designed, not refined. 0000000016 00000 n Buna-N Satisfactory for "O . The chart below shows the Noack volatility for both 1-decene and 1-dodecene based PAOs of varying viscosities. 175 0 obj 0000010623 00000 n General properties of low- and high-viscosity conventional PAO, and metallocene-catalyzed mPAO basestocks, are shown in Table 4. High temperatures can thin and break down oil, crippling its lubricating ability, whereas low temperatures can rob a lubricant of its ability to reach critical parts. C12-derived PAOs also provide advantages with higher Viscosity Index (VI), better flash/fire points, and even lower cold crank simulated viscosities. Synfluid mPAOs exhibit faster air release times, particularly when comparing the 100 cSt blends. <]/Prev 170099>> Temp. However, not all synthetic lubricants are created equal. 93 0 obj So yes, PAOs can provide flexibility in your food-grade base oil selection, depending upon your performance requirements. Two lubricants with the same VI may perform dramatically differently at low temperatures. Group IIIB was unable to consistently pass the TDI or M111 tests. Great question! <> The chart below shows the trends in industry specifications regarding low-temperature performance relative to Synfluid PAO. The latest news, content and events about our company, initiatives, markets and products. When unsure of a components precise identity or version, the manufacturer polyalphaolefin compatibility chart. The most favorable performance is achieved by using the highest-quality base oils. 2023 Access Intelligence, LLC - All Rights Reserved. Polyphenols and Foods That Are Good Sources for Them - Verywell Fit PDF CHEMICAL RESISTANCE CHART - U.S. Plastic xb```f``5``c`X% @kVTW(4n5@,6$ ^09z| R/'T4D:/Iih2f/W8 CV@Vb n m[ iF ^` -2 We believe that it is possible to achieve a passing mark with even lower amounts of PAO, further reducing costs. 101 0 obj You can see a medical doctor for your burn, but Dr. Ken Hope can help with your base oil and formulation challenges. 2014-03-26T09:16:41-05:00 trailer Our team of experts answer the most frequently asked questions. Eight standard model Portable Liquid Chillers and ten standard model PAO Carts. Grease is a solid to semi-fluid lubricant, typically used for difficult to service equipment, such as bearings or suspension systems. Both lubricant types are used in industrial gearboxes, compressors, and even air conditioning systems. News & Technology for the Global Energy Industry. Keys for Proper Grease Selection - Machinery Lubrication Ethylene is produced by cracking either crude oil or natural gas. It is really the formulators preference whether to increase the longevity of a vehicles moving parts, haul a heavier load, or save money at the fuel pump. More uniform in structure than conventional PAO basestocks, they provide similar advantages of high viscosity indices, excellent low-temperature fluidity, and shear stability but with additional thickening ability. As shown in the chart below, our PAOs have shown very little fluctuation over the years, with stable viscosities at 100, 40 and -40C even as weve made improvements to characteristics such as oxidative stability. %%EOF In addition to meeting current limits, a lower viscosity will reduce energy consumption. There are many advantages! Low-viscosity PAO fluids are used in automotive applications, such as engine oil and gear lubricants. <> 10.1 Introduction. Polyalphaolefins (PAO)-60 to 125 C Stable, lubricious fluids compatible with most plastics and elastomers. 0 0000041967 00000 n With Synfluid PAO 4 cSt having a 73C ppt and 40C viscosity of 2,380 cSt, a PPD is not necessary. For other applications, PAOs safe and non-toxic nature allows it to be used where incidental food contact certification or kosher approval is necessary. 0000003107 00000 n Cant find what youre looking for? 0000034554 00000 n PAG polymers, first discovered more than 150 years ago, saw their breakthrough application occur during World War ll. PAOs help meet and exceed the formulation requirements necessary in a wide variety of specifications, including Allison TES-295, Eaton PS-162 and Mil-2105. The chart below shows pressure coefficient comparisons between PAOs and Group III mineral oils versus pressure: Gear systems are specially designed and require highly specialized lubricants. The rotary bomb bench test is a strong predictor of how base oils will perform in many automotive and industrial applications. hb```b``nd`c``. REFERENCEPAGES 1-800-833-7958 www.geotechenv.com fax303-322-7242 sales@geotechenv.com ChemicalCompatibilityTable For All Non-Metals For Metals R=Resistant E<2milsPenetration/Year endobj 304 Stainless Steel Chemical Compatibility Chart ver 28-Oct-2022 Key to General Chemical Resistance - All data is based on ambient or room temperature conditions, about 64F (18C) to 73F (23C) A = Excellent C = Fair - Moderate Effect, not recommended 89 0 obj They are also employed as base fluids in some wide temperature range greases. It is true there are many high-quality base oils around, but the highest quality is still achieved when Synfluid PAOs are chosen. Rotary screw compressor oils formulated with PAO offer performance benefits not obtainable with a mineral-oil-based formulation. Furthermore, PAOs are H-1 approved for incidental food contact and have good organoleptic properties, which broaden the range of end-use applications for metals. 177 0 obj Sustained operations at elevated temperatures increase the rate of oxidation and other degradation reactions. 0000000016 00000 n Later used in many industrial applications from compressor, hydraulic, and turbine fluids to gear oils and metalworking fluids. They may also be used to develop high-performance, environmentally friendly lubricants. polyalphaolefin compatibility chart - dice-dental.asia More specialized polyolefins include polyisobutylene and polymethylpentene. 273 0 obj <> endobj xref 273 24 0000000016 00000 n PAOs help to balance the protection and energy conservation requirements in equipment because they are more Newtonian than mineral oils. LDPE Chemical Compatibility Chart - calpaclab.com PAG-based lubricants are commonly used in compressors, gearboxes, air conditioning systems, metalworking, quenching, and hydraulic systems where fire-resistance or environmental acceptability are required. The direct feedstock (normal alpha olefin NAO) is produced through the chain growth and displacement process for producing petrochemically pure alpha olefins. This resistance to fire and flame propagation improves the margin of safety in the event of a hydraulic leak. High energy costs have hit both businesses and consumers hard, and the pressure is on to conserve. 184 0 obj polyalphaolefin-based lubricants. General properties of water-soluble, water-insoluble, and oil-soluble PAG basestocks are shown in Table 1. polyalphaolefin compatibility chart - kazuyasu.net In our experience, some commercially available additive packages are designed to take better advantage of a specific base stock. Using PAOs with biobased oils can provide both high performance and biodegradability. PAO-base oils help improve fuel economy in engine and drivetrain oils by reducing viscosity, volatility and traction coefficients as the chart below shows: These results show the potential for reducing friction loss using PAOs, which also typically have lower pressure-viscosity coefficients than mineral oils reducing elastohydrodynamic gear friction losses and energy consumption. PAOs on the other hand are derived from a clearly defined processing technology using petrochemically pure alpha olefins. The challenge presented to a formulator is maintaining the performance levels while achieving biodegradability. Heavier components adversely affect low-temperature performance and pour point. Its estimated that over 100 million gallons of fluids leak from hydraulic machinery and other lubricant equipment in North America each year! polyalphaolefin compatibility chart Posted by . The plot below shows a comparison of the air release times exhibited by ISO VG 320 blends composed of our Synfluid mPAOs, and traditional HV PAOs with PAO 8 cSt. There are distinct advantages in volatility and low-temperature viscosity. The Scanning Brookfield chart on this page demonstrates the difference in viscometrics between a Synfluid PAO and a pour point depressed mineral oil. Whichever low-viscosity base oil is used, it must exhibit viscosity stability and low volatility. Polyalphaolefins (PAO)-60 to 125 C Stable, lubricious fluids compatible with most plastics and elastomers. Group V oils also include esters and naphthenic oils. 0000002388 00000 n With the powerful combination of MOLYKOTE Specialty Lubricants and DuPont Polymers, our understanding of grease-polymer compatibility allows our customers the unique ability to select products faster and move through validations with confidence. Understanding this advantage is important for optimizing the performance of todays fluids and improving the life of equipment. Absolutely! The superior benefits of PAOs enable formulators to meet these challenges. package, an optimal PAO formulation will be different than that of mineral oils. However, these products have demonstrated unique advantages in Sequence IIIF, VW T4 and TDI tests due to many of the other properties that are inherent in them. PDF Synthetic Oil Viscosity & Compatibility Chart - DULUB 0000162572 00000 n The absence of these structures and materials results in a very non-polar base oil with a high viscosity index (of approximately 130), excellent low-temperature flow and pour-point characteristics, good oxidation stability and compatibility with mineral oils, paints and seals commonly found in lube oil systems. H|% `\ml emt8uHJs;7W*"_?~o~O? One way to achieve a higher VI base fluid is to shift from a decene-based PAO to a dodecene-based PAO. The viscosity of the base oil is largely irrelevant in relation to the compatibility risks with the thickener. 0000161810 00000 n Polyalphaolefin (PAO) Lubricants Explained - Machinery Lubrication Low-viscosity Synfluid PAOs are both NSF H1 and HX-1 registered. Absolutely! Some claim the Viscosity Index (VI) is the overriding parameter used when choosing a base oil.

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