PLoS ONE 15:e0234400. (2009). doi: 10.3200/JMBR.37.2.164-175, Silva, B., Garganta, J., Santos, R., and Teoldo, I. uuid:df8cef5f-b508-0447-89b9-a069635ddd03 7, 157167. Int. J. 34, 13401345. Sport. Davids, K., Araujo, D., Correia, V., and Vilar, L. (2013a). But what is great coaching? Sports Med. 36, 25372543. doi: 10.1519/00124278-200711000-00025. Identification of talents in football is one of the most important tasks of coaches in youth football selection. Aspects of Coordination and Control, eds M. G. Wade and H. T. A. Whiting (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff), 341360. The ability to successfully achieve this in a quick and unconscious manner is trainable; however, it takes time to build (Roca et al., 2011). 14, 91105. Victoria University School of Sport and Exercise and the Australian Institute of Sport. Talent Identification in Youth Football: A Systematic Review A significant gap therefore exists between current static assessment procedures used to identify talent in Australian football and the dynamic nature of match play. doi: 10.1080/10407410709336951. J. Sci. Ecological dynamics is an important consideration in the assessment of performance as player skill acquisition and tactical behaviors are constrained by player task constraints (Silva et al., 2014). J. 3 England Performance Unit, Rugby Football League . Future assessments need to consider the effect of maturation and fatigue on the performance outcome. Lots of people talk about where leadership in sport is now. Exerc. The "big six" indicators of a player's performance potential - the Performance Potential factors are: Physical abilities; Personality characteristics; Playing skills; Performance abilities; Pedigree (i.e. Prevalence of interactions and influence of performance constraints on kick outcomes across Australian Football tiers: implications for representative practice designs. Sports Sci. Sport Exerc. In an attempt to fill the void between Level-2 and Level-5 researchers have developed the first two valid and reliable Australian football kicking skill assessments: a dynamic kicking assessment (an example of a Level-3 test) (Bonney et al., 2020c) and a small-sided game (an example of a Level-4 test) (Bonney et al., 2020d). endobj Geographer. (2014a). When comparing winning to losing a game, it was discovered winning quarters consisted of more skill involvements (i.e., kicking and handballing) and higher skill efficiency whilst quarters lost involved more physical requirements (Sullivan et al., 2014a). Hum. Therefore, it is essential the athlete choses a familiar environment to perform the performance profile, for example a training complex or a gym. Int. PDF Developing a Football-Specific Talent Identification and Development Strength Condition. J. Your email address will not be published. Sports Med. For team sports such as Soccer, any individual improvements made by an athlete may appear to have less impact than improvements in a solo sport, for example Golf. (2006). Perform. An investigation into teaching games for understanding: effects on skill, knowledge, and game play. The use of skill tests to predict status in junior Australian football. Sci. For example, coaches will vary environmental conditions such as the playing area, practice objectives, and rules of play to ensure players are performing enough skill executions (Davids et al., 2013a). doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1053512, Woods, C. T., Raynor, A. J., Bruce, L., McDonald, Z., and Collier, N. (2015a). As such, when constraints are viewed from a more integrated manner greater insights into player behavior performance can be found (e.g., kicking performance of players). doi: 10.1080/24748668.2008.11868457, Hill-Haas, S. V., Dawson, B., Impellizzeri, F. M., and Coutts, A. J. Physical capabilities are commonly used in talent identification programmes (Johnston et al., 2018). J. Why the constraints-led approach is not teaching games for understanding: a clarification. J. Appl. They carefully consider the information available in their environment, establishing their options and likely outcomes, before progressing (Araujo et al., 2006). Scand. More effective performance profiling has taken place when the athletes ideal performer competes at a similar level, therefore providing a more realistic target to aim for. Review of the tactical evaluation tools for youth players, assessing the tactics in team sports: football. (2002). Growth, maturation, functional capacities and sport-specific skills in 12-13 year-old-basketball players. The authors summarized these results by suggesting the Australian Football League draft combine is a poor measure of talent selection. 18:123. Sci. J. The above table provides a framework in which coaches and analyst can further evaluate the performance of players in relation to their position. In a follow-up study, Cripps et al. It is proposed that emerging football nations should focus on: preventing active deselection and dropout to maximise the size of the talent pool, mitigating the influence of confounding factors on talent identification, and longitudinally tracking players throughout development to document the performance profiles that lead to football expertise. 48, 15171519. FBorGc'lR2LNBcu!+Wa`r}0?ySpU 5x=L.YV\ Q2T1p*+zu+8p8 ?)F0l;2L`].~Qix#0fH`-J/[z,a~lIxj>LxdTJg5"z]VywJT*+fZN/&|0t4|9ai@ps[gr%$fh!1Z%5Nx$Sz3Mkwyz)s1eyPKTOAKcg37nWc0FHc%)x2~] |j.a8%0nD!H|iA 6U$~g$]G=m|$R:&@K,&WeZltL>U[itw9o=C3qg Pediatr. The Player Potential Profile - an integrated, practical approach to Whilst in handball (Matthys et al., 2012) and basketball (Silva et al., 2010) sport-specific skill appeared to be independent of pubertal status. Sociol. Psychol. From data collection hardware to data management systems that enable the data to be used effectively, knowing how to use the latest technology allows users to gain further insight into the game. The PFSA Level 2 has been taken by many ex . This is largely due to once they have caught up to the early maturers physical statue, their years of playing against bigger and stronger competition have enabled them to develop superior technical proficiencies, tactical awareness (Schorer et al., 2009; Gibbs et al., 2012) and psychological advantages (Cumming et al., 2018). Cripps et al. Physiol. (2018). To enhance decision making ability players use specific stimuli from the environment to inform their movement decision. Rev. Considering the importance of kicking in Australian football, it is surprising there is currently very little research conducted on the application of using kicking performance as an assessment tool for talent identification (Cripps et al., 2015; Woods et al., 2015b). The study identified that most performance indicators of outfield players were the same across position, with only the order of priority of each PI varying by position. Gee, C., Marshall, J., and King, J. It is important for players to develop their ability to impact match play as player and team impact scores have been shown to not only have a significant correlation with winning but also as a valid method of assessing game performance (Heasman et al., 2008). (2009). Currently, most of the research in this domain is conducted in highly ranked, established football nations where the sport is immensely popular (e.g. A comparison of physical and technical performance profiles between successful and less-successful professional rugby league teams. Sci. In addition, skill proficiency has been shown to have a higher level of reliability when attempting to identify talent (Gabbett et al., 2007a). 22, 395408. Sport. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2017.05.001, Sheppard, J. M., McNamara, P., Osborne, M., Andrews, M., Oliveira Borges, T., Walshe, P., et al. J. Unnatural selection: talent identification and development in sport. It is designed to support scouts working in or aspiring to work in the . A coach's perception of player performance is largely influenced by the number of disposals they have had and their effectiveness to pass the ball and maintain possession (Sullivan et al., 2014b). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057753, Dellal, A., Owen, A., Wong, D. P., Krustrup, P., van Exsel, M., and Mallo, J. Information-movement coupling in developing cricketers under changing ecological practice constraints. Manipulating task constraints in small-sided soccer games: performance analysis and practical implications. There are many benefits to this as it is in depth and can easily identify weakness, so the athlete can improve. (2010) have suggested that when selecting and identifying players for future . Sci. Performance profiling stages in the talent development process begins has been identified as an effective method to with detection. Sport. Int. Sports Sci. Football Talent Identification: What do Scouts Look For? | The PFSA doi: 10.1123/ijspp.5.1.103, Chatzopoulos, D., Drakou, A., Kotzamanidou, M., and Tsorbatzoudis, H. (2006). The most representative skill test at the Australian Football League Combine is the set-shot goal kicking test. In cricket, less skilled players spent more time fixating on distal cues, such as the ball hand area, whilst skilled players fixated on more proximal predictive cues such as the bowling arm, trunk-hips and predicted ball-release area (McRobert et al., 2011). This result is similar to research conducted in the National Football League (Kuzmits and Adams, 2008) and may suggest when tasks are completed in isolation, and low in representation of match play demands, their suitability to talent selection is limited (Bonney et al., 2019). Investigating the physical and technical skill match activity profiles of drafted and non-drafted U18 Australian footballers. Consequently, it is difficult to develop a framework for emerging football nations as the repercussions of adopting traditional approaches to talent identification are likely greater due to differences the size of the talent pool, accessibility of systematic training environments, and availability of financial and logistical resources. These assessments used notational analysis to consider match play kicking demands and applied a more integrated approach of match play components. The information gained from such a test may provide critical details to coaches regarding a player's technical skill performance during competition, rather than specific details on how a player will execute the skill. Adobe InDesign CC 2017 (Macintosh) 17, 552555. Sport 13, 110119. The size of the small-sided game perimeter is varied in the literature. Working on a simple analogy, a locking wheel nut has a patterned J. Sci. (2017) investigated the relationship between aerobic capacity and kicking performance in Australian football. 1. Fitness determinants of repeated-sprint ability in highly trained youth football players. Med. The Evolution of Leadership in Professional Sport: from coach to captain to collaboration. J. The ability to proficiently kick the ball under match performance demands (e.g., evading opponents and kicking the ball to a teammate) is a critical factor in Australian football. (2000). 34, 11241131. A. 1. Small-sided games can discriminate perceptual-cognitive-motor capability and predict disposal efficiency in match performance of skilled Australian footballers. doi: 10.1080/17430437.2017.1310199, Travassos, B., Davids, K., Araujo, D., and Esteves, P. (2013). Sport. J. Typically, talent identification involves actively selecting promising players with early performance superiorities without considering the changes that can occur during development. 2020-03-16T11:09:12Z performance profiling for talent identification in football Small-sided games demand a greater cognitive effort (Lee et al., 1994) which is associated with greater decision making capabilities, skill execution (Turner and Martinek, 1999), and tactical awareness (Chatzopoulos et al., 2006). When trying to decipher how a player makes a decision it is crucial to examine the environmental and task constraints present, as these two components have an integral effect on the decision making process. Through a study carried out with 12 experts and 51 sport science students, they aimed to identify which are the most common performance indicators that should be evaluated in a player's performance based on their playing profile. Early research surrounding talent identification in youth football involved a multidisciplinary Sports Sci. Results indicated a video-based decision making task could correctly classify 92% of talent-identified players and 72% of the non-identified players, with the talent-identified players making more accurate game-based decisions compared to non-talent-identified players (Woods et al., 2016b). Many sport skills are performed in a fatigued state. J. 5, 2134. The premise underlying the coach-athlete relationship is the ability to help the performer reach his or her full potential. 4, 2534. I do think this behaviour is social and intellectual not physical. Psychol. When investigating 85 male Australian football players, across three skill levels (elite, sub-elite, and novice), it was found elite players have superior decision making accuracy compared to sub-elite and novice players (Lorains et al., 2013). That has been a huge challenge and also the amount of work has been a challenge. Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol. The Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP) was implemented after consultations with The FA and representatives of the Football League, the Premier League and its clubs, and other stakeholders to ensure that professional football in England will have a world leading academy system that provides a greater number of excellent homegrown players and 91, 7382. Talent pathways in Australian football have grown considerably with clubs now establishing their own youth academies. Performance profiling has been identified as an effective method to support player development, and is widely applied within professional football academies in England since the implementation of the Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP) in 2012. Source: Moneyball and soccer by Michael Hughes et al (2012). The relative age effect reversal among Canadian-born NHL hockey players: a reply to Nolan and Howell. They found drafted players were more likely to be born in the first quartile and first half of the year, had advanced physical and psychological maturity and had exposure to higher level coaching. However, when only the first two practice free-throws were accounted for the percentage decreased to 69.8% which is comparable to match play performance (Kozar et al., 1995). The authors found the higher skilled players were able to make better decisions and obtain a higher scores than the lesser skilled players. This is a two-day course that focuses on four critical areas of talent identification - the key principles of scouting, the importance of relationships, the latest methods of recognising potential and the complex governance procedures surrounding talent identification. J. doi: 10.1007/s40279-017-0803-2, Johnston, R. D., Gabbett, T. J., and Jenkins, D. G. (2015). Res. Due to the scarcity of representative validity within these assessments it is plausible to suggest the results obtained may not accurately identify all talented players and may produce results different from match play. Inter-rater reliability and validity of the Australian Football League's kicking and handball tests. Successful athletes not only display a high proficiency of technical skill and decision making ability but they can display these traits under both fatigue and pressure situations (Kitsantas and Zimmerman, 2002; Royal et al., 2006). J. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2020.1787697, Bonney, N., Berry, J., Ball, K., and Larkin, P. (2019). 21, 11261133. Mirelle van Rijbroek - Director of Talent Identification - LinkedIn Fahad Arif - Senior Manager Human Resources - LinkedIn (2010). Future assessments should consider factors such as maturation, fatigue and ecological dynamics. Challenging Traditional Practice Approaches to AFL Kicking Skill Development. It requires the practitioner to identify and modify interacting constraints to facilitate the emergence of perception-action couplings (Renshaw et al., 2016). No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Sports Sci. Sci. Int. They found different player numbers produced different technical and physical responses. An ecological dynamics approach to skill acquisition: implications for development of talent in sport. PL and KB: conceptual idea and reviewer. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Predicting higher selection in elite junior Australian rules football: the influence of physical performance and anthropometric attributes. Elite team sport players are therefore expert decision makers with the ability to read the play and make timely and accurate decisions (Berry et al., 2008). The first is viewing players and teams as a complex adaptive system, the second involves cognition and behavior being considered together and the third component relates to how behaviors are organized based upon the information available (Seifert et al., 2017). An earlier futsal study found similar results (Duarte et al., 2009). (2007) investigated the differences in cricket batting actions when facing a human bowler in comparison to a bowling machine. Sports Sci. 7, 131146. Med. NB: conceptual idea and writing of article. Based on contemporary talent identification knowledge, this review examines the current talent identification process in Australian football, with a focus on areas to potentially improve or inform future developments. J. Psychol. (2015) investigated the test on 121 semi elite under 16 (U16) male players and found the inter-rater reliability to be high; however, the test could only differentiate between dominant and non-dominant kicking leg accuracy across varying distances. a major tournament since the 1998 World Cup. doi: 10.1177/1747954119848418, Cripps, A. J., Hopper, L., and Joyce, C. (2016). Small-sided games can be manipulated in a variety of ways to achieve the desired outcome. (2014) investigated 806 players drafted to play elite Australian football. Med. Sports Sci. Current research suggests sports training and assessment environments should be guided by an ecological dynamics framework (Davids et al., 2013b; Bonney et al., 2019; Woods et al., 2020a,b). The use of anticipatory visual cues by highly skilled tennis players. doi: 10.2174/1875399X01205010113, Davies, M. J., Young, W., Farrow, D., and Bahnert, A. Assessments of playing performance can be accurately assessed within match play situations. nZ"e/\1Y/sUg6p>m l-wMHe`C)$1IN_.lVhkbLn.&D3:]bR:M1ed7e1x&K5860,UV+O4+SnD~"9s&bo+L&#f6`K\v3w{(pI|vvp(">0} tbYcHs5hgmNZVxV'I $VbK@)K]>5iYUy@PIYWn5%8ap:&H. Psychol. Regular readers ofwww.wgcoaching.com will know I have been critical of Talent Identification: or more accurately the way that talent i.d. doi: 10.1080/24748668.2013.11868633, Tribolet, R., Bennett, K. J. M., Watsford, M. L., and Fransen, J. Furthermore, only the higher skilled players scores were successful in predicting disposal proficiency in match performance (Piggott et al., 2019). 33, 146155. This study aimed to: i) analyze the anthropometrical measures . 28, 535541. Coach.. 4, 273283. Coach. This assessment was 97% successful in identifying talented youth players and was suggested to be a more time efficient and ecologically valid way to identify talented players. Sports Med. thats talked about so much and never developed! Furthermore, physical capabilities, such as aerobic capacity, speed and power have been used to distinguish between team selection and non-selection, career progression, and playing performance (Young and Pryor, 2007; Veale et al., 2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.03.012, Kittel, A., Larkin, P., Elsworthy, N., Lindsay, R., and Spittle, M. (2020). Study purpose. doi: 10.1080/10413200305400, Balsom, P. D., Gaitanos, G. C., Soderlund, K., and Ekblom, B. 22, 17211727. doi: 10.1007/s10339-011-0392-1, Roca, A., and Williams, A. M. (2016). J. Collectively, these strategies can reduce the reliance on identifying players based on early performance superiorities and focus on holistic, long-term development. 41, 199220. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). Sports Physiol. P erformance profiling is a coaching tool for pinpointing strengths and weaknesses, designing training strategies, and building better communication with athletes. Although training these systems and processes in isolation can be an efficient use of time and money, current research suggests there is little evidence to support their effectiveness (Harris et al., 2018). 3099067 Mov. However although performance profiling does encourage accurate self-assessment by the athlete, Butler (1997) realised that athletes may not always set appropriate goals, and may need guidance from the practitioner to steer them towards more suitable ones. J. Comparing self regulatory processes among novice, non-expert, and expert volleyball players: a microanalytic study. Int. 2008). <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> J. Sci. Butler et al. From entry to elite: the relative age effect in the Australian football talent pathway. J. Do the structures used by international hockey coaches for practising field-goal shooting reflect game centred learning within a representative learning design? 1. Springerplus 4:663. doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1462-0, Hargreaves, M., McKenna, M. J., Jenkins, D. G., Warmington, S. A., Li, J. L., Snow, R. J., et al. (1998). 22, 10491053. The application of open skill assessments (e.g., small-sided games) are appropriate as they provide a suitable amount of skill affordances and are more contextually relevant to the game setting than traditional assessment methods (Farrow et al., 2008). doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2007.10.002, Randers, M. B., Orntoft, C., Hagman, M., Nielsen, J. J., and Krustrup, P. (2018). When assessing drafted Australian football players, researchers discovered players who can perform above level-14 on the multistage fitness test and sprint 20-m in under 3 s were more likely to be drafted (Robertson et al., 2015). (2016b). doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0003, Kitsantas, A., and Zimmerman, B. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2018.03.008, Heasman, J., Dawson, B., Berry, J., and Stewart, G. (2008). %PDF-1.5 performance profiling for talent identification in football (2012). Currently, a significant gap exists between static and isolated assessment procedures used to identify talent in Australian football and the dynamic nature of match play. J. Ecol. 33, 11321140. Performance profiling has been demonstrated to be a useful tool for any athlete in order to analyse their own performance effectively (Jones, 1993). J. Each year, talent identified players are screened for their competency in each of these components. Res. Sport practitioners as sport ecology designers: how ecological dynamics has progressively changed perceptions of skill Acquisition in the sporting habitat. 2020-03-16T11:09:12Z J. They discovered cognitive ability to be the greatest influence of playing position in elite youth rugby league players, followed closely by game skills and finally to a lesser extent physiological indicators. Required fields are marked *. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318185f09d, Larkin, P., Mesagno, C., Berry, J., and Spittle, M. (2014). The authors continued to suggest if one or more of the physical, tactical, technical components can be developed simultaneously rather than in isolation, coaches would have the opportunity to maximize their contact time with players and increase efficiency of their training sessions (Dellal et al., 2012). By expanding the profiling systems and making them integrated, multi disciplinary and looking at the whole player from the 6 P perspective, we have a better chance of finding, recruiting and retaining the right players. (2016). The fundamentalthinking behind this criticism is the obsession of talent i.d.-erswith physical testing and physical abilities of potential champions. In Australian football, the analysis of skill effectiveness has been successful in identifying first round draft picks in comparison to second and fourth round picks. 2, 3741. J. Received: 30 September 2020; Accepted: 09 November 2020; Published: 30 November 2020. Scand. Collectively these studies would imply early maturers are being selected based more upon physical statue rather than skill proficiency. doi: 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2010.10.001, Cobley, S., Baker, J., Wattie, N., and McKenna, J. J. Modifying games for improved aerobic fitness and skill acquisition in youth. 33, 3642. J. (2004). But where did our current thinking on leadership come from? Some fundamental research suggested that there were two scientifically valid and reliable testing tools available to measures these personality factors. love this stuff. Finally, the athlete must decide a performance rating (1-10 scale) for their Ideal or Champion performer. Currently, most of the research in this domain is conducted in highly ranked, established football nations where the sport is immensely popular (e.g. The results may suggest as assessments move further along the continuum, integrating more components of match play, they are also more successful at identifying talent. The ARCANE project: how an ecological dynamics framework can enhance performance assessment and prediction in football. 42, 4150. 19, 419423. This helps to establish a more secure relationship between the two parties, by gaining an understanding of each of their expectations for the process. Football 18. Int. doi: 10.1080/00049182.2013.765346, Young, W., and Rogers, N. (2014). stream Muscle metabolites and performance during high-intensity, intermittent exercise. J. Sci. Sports Physiol. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234400, Gonzailez-Va-llora, S., Serra-Olivares, J., Pastor-Vicedo, J., and Teoldo da Costa, I. I am passionate about all sports including Football and have a keen interest in Performance Analysis. Sport. Semir Mai. performance profiling for talent identification in football. A new representative skill assessment in the Australian football draft combine, where behavior emulates competition (e.g., small-sided games), may assist in abridging this void. (2020a) investigated the influence of manipulating player numbers (i.e., 5v5, 5v6, 6v6, 7v7) in an Australian football small-sided game. endstream endobj 3 0 obj <> endobj 5 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/Shading<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 37 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 6 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 41 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 7 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 44 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 8 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 49 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 9 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 53 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 10 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 57 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 11 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 62 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 12 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 64 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 13 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 67 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 14 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 69 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 68 0 obj <>stream

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